Marine Le Pen gratified Vladimir Putin in Moscow in March. The French presidential hopeful has visited Russia several times in recent years. Photograph: Mikhail Klimentyev/ TASS
Jean-Marie Le Pen, Marines father and an admirer of authoritarianism and ultra-nationalism, told the BBC in an interview recorded before last month that his daughter has hitherto fulfilled the Russian president, and her former foreign affairs adviser Aymeric Chauprade said in 2014 unofficial talks had taken place.
Unless she believes media attention will serve her, Le Pens trip-ups abroad are often conducted discreetly. She has, though, visited Russia in 2011 when she told the daily Kommersant: I wont hide that, in a certain sense, I admire Vladimir Putin and in June 2013 and April 2014.
Front National aides and MEPs have been to Moscow far more often and two ruling-party Russian MPs were honoured guests at the 2014 party meeting that re-elected Le Pen party leader with a 100% mandate.
In farther presents of sympathy, Le Pen has called for completely stupid EU sanctions against Russia to be lifted, said there was no intrusion of Crimea because it had always been Russian, and argued Ukraine had undergone a coup dtat.
Nor has the party been shy about accepting Russian money, on the grounds that no French bank will lend to it. The party borrowed 9m in 2014 from the First Czech Russian Bank( which subsequently lost its licence) and acknowledged trying 3m from Russias Strategy bank in 2016.
The FN has always denied the Russian loans had bought Moscow any influence with the party. Le Pen told Le Monde the relevant recommendations was ridiculous and outrageous, adding: So because we get a loan, that dictates our foreign policy? Weve held this[ pro-Russian] line for a long time.
There seems little doubt that for its part, Russia is attempting to influence the outcome of Frances presidential election, whose final round on 7 May will pit Le Pen against the independent centrist Emmanuel Macron. Current polls suggest she will lose.
Japanese cyber-security group Trend Micro said in a 41 -page report the coming week that the Russian hackers known as Pawn Storm, Fancy Bear or APT2 8 thought by US spy agencies and private cyber-security firms to be an limb of Russian intelligence had targeted Macrons En Marche! using exactly the same tactics utilized against the Democratic National Committee( DNC) in the operation which US authorities believe helped sway the election in Trumps favour.
Macrons campaign team confirmed they had been the target of at the least five sophisticated cyber-attacks since January is targeted at accessing sensitive data. Emmanuel Macron is the only nominee in the French presidential campaign to be targeted, the campaign said in a statement. Its no coincidence.
Le Pens relations with Trump are less clearcut. She has said she would have voted for him if she could, and he has come close to endorsing her, telling AP on the eve of the first round that the far-right leader was the strongest on borders, and the strongest on whats been going on in France.
In January, Le Pen was photographed drinking coffee in Trump Tower with her partner, the partys vice-president Louis Aliot, and Guido George Lombardi, a businessman neighbour of Trumps who has portrayed himself as a kind of European far-right fixer for the president.
Lombardi was known to have held a fundraising party for the Front National the previous evening, and most of the efforts by Le Pens entourage in the US are so far believed to have been directed towards procuring much-needed contributions to party funds.
But Trump and Le Pen did not satisfy, staff from both sides have insisted. Nor did the Front Nationals European affairs consultant, Ludovic de Danne, or its US representative, Denis Franceskin, get to see Trump in November, when Lombardi invited them to Trump Tower for the election night party.
The FN representatives were told the president-elect did not have security clearance to come down to the foyer. But in pre-election statements to the Hollywood Reporter, Trump said there was no common ground to be explored with Europes far right and he did not want to establish confederations beyond the Atlantic.
Some of his backers are less reticent. Le Pen has fulfilled resulting Trump supporters including congressman Steve King, a Republican from Iowa who has courted disagreement for constructing incendiary remarks about immigrants.
And while Steve Bannons star may now be waning, the former Breitbart CEO and Trumps chief strategist has constructed no secret of his admiration for the French far right.
Bannon told French website Radio Londres last summertime that he saw Marion Marchal-Le Pen, Le Pens niece, as the new rising star, and predicted Frances 2017 elections would be historic. Marchal-Le Pen has praised alternative media and said she would be delighted to work with Breitbart if it opened a Paris bureau, as it has promised but in so far failed to do.
Bannon has also drawn inspiration from some of the Front Nationals favourite literature, including the works of Charles Maurras, a far-right Catholic theorist seen as the founding father of French ultra-nationalism, and Jean Raspail, writer of The Camp of the Saints, a highly controversial 1973 novel depicting a France submerged by immigration and often described as racist.
The far-right nominee is also backed by a ruthless, highly organised and very popular web and social media campaign that echoes the successful online agitprop techniques used by Trumps alt-right supporters during the US presidential campaign. US-based far-right internet warriors are reportedly helping out by pretending to be French.
Le Pen herself, however, seems to think that if the Trump-Le Pen nexus is an inspiration for anyone, it is for the US president.
I do not take Trump as a model, she told La Voix du Nord newspaper in January. He is the one who is applying what I have been proposing for years.