The discovery of four new components completed the seventh and last row of the periodic table.
According to The Guardian, the four elements do not yet have names, so they are currently known by their temporary names or atomic number: 113, 115, 117 and 118.
They were verified by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry on December 30, 2015 and are the first elements to be added to the periodic table since 2011.
Scientists at the RIKENinstitute in Japan detected 113, and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California worked with the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee to discover elements 115, 117 and 118.
The teamswill take the next few months to decide on the names and two-letter abbreviations for their findings.
The names could be inspired by people, places, minerals or even conceptions derived from myths, Mashable reports.
Ryji Noyori, former RIKEN president and Nobel laureate in chemistry, told,
To scientists, this is of greater value than an Olympic gold medal.
All of these components were syntheticand classified as superheavy due to their high atomic numbers, which represent the amounts of protons in the elements’ nuclei.
The components exist for less than a second before they disintegrate and turn into other elements.
Until their new, official names are announced, the elements will retain their temporary names and symbols.Element 113 is ununtrium( Uut ), 115 is ununpentium( Uup ), 117 is ununseptium( Uus) and 118 is ununoctium( Uuo ).
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