Andrew Parker accuses Russian country of interfering in elections, cyber-attacks, disinformation and criminal thuggery

The Russian government is the” chief protagonist” in a campaign is targeted at undermining western democracies, the head of the UK intelligence agency MI5, Andrew Parker, has said.

Speaking in Berlin on Monday, Parker listed a series of what he referred to as aggressive actions by Russia, including interference in elections, cyber-attacks, disinformation and criminal thuggery.

He drew a distinction between the Russian government and Russian people.” The chief protagonist among these hostile actors today is the Russian government. Notice I do not tell Russia. The UK has the utmost appreciation and respect for the people of Russia. For their proud culture and long history.

Timeline

Poisoned umbrellas and polonium: Russian-linked UK deaths

Georgi Markov

In one of the most chilling episodes of the cold war, the Bulgarian dissenter was poisoned with a specially adapted umbrella on Waterloo Bridge. As he waited for a bus, Markov felt a sharp pricking in his leg. The opponent activist, who was an irritant to the communist government of Bulgaria, succumbed 3 days later. A deadly pellet containing ricin was found in his scalp. His unknown assassin is thought to have been from the secret services in Bulgaria.

Alexander Litvinenko

The fatal poisoning of the former FSB officer sparked an international incident. Litvinenko fell ill after drinking tea laced with radioactive polonium. He satisfied his murderers in a bar of the Millennium hotel in Mayfair. The pair were Andrei Lugovoi- a former KGB officer turned businessman, who is now a deputy in Russia's state Duma- and Dmitry Kovtun, a childhood friend of Lugovoi's from a Soviet military family. Putin denied all involvement and refused to extradite either of the killers.

German Gorbuntsov

The exiled Russian banker survived an try on his life as he got out of a taxi in east London. He was shot four times with a silenced handgun. He had been involved in a bitter dispute with two former business partners.

Alexander Perepilichnyy

The businessman collapsed while operating near his home in Surrey. Tracings of a chemical that can be found in the poison plant gelsemium were later found in his stomach. Before his death, Perepilichnyy was helping a specialist investment firm uncover a $230 m Russian money-laundering operation, a pre-inquest hearing was tell. Hermitage Capital Management claimed that Perepilichnyy could have been intentionally killed for helping it uncover the scam involving Russian officials. He may have feed a popular Russian dish containing the herb sorrel on the day of his death, which could have been poisoned.

Boris Berezovsky

The exiled billionaire was find hanged in an apparent suicide after he had expended more than decade waging a high-profile media battle against his one-time protege Putin. A coroner recorded an open verdict after hearing conflicting expert proof about the route he died. A pathologist who conducted a postmortem examination on the businessman's body said he could not rule in murder.

Scot Young

An associate of Berezovsky whom he helped to launder money, he was discovered impaled on railings after he fell from a fourth-floor flat in central London. A coroner ruled that there was insufficient evidence of suicide. But Young, who was sent to prison in January 2013 for repeatedly refusing to uncover his finances during a divorce row, told his partner he was going to jump out of the window moments before he was found.

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