Exclusive: in confidential internal report watch by the Guardian, bank says scandal has hurt global brand

Germany's troubled Deutsche Bank faces fines, legal action and the possible prosecution of “senior management” because of its role in a $20 bn Russian money-laundering strategy, a confidential internal report insure by the Guardian says.

The bank acknowledges there is a high risk that regulators in the US and UK will take” significant disciplinary action” against it. Deutsche concedes that the scandal has hurt its” global brand”- and is likely to cause” client attrition”, loss of investor confidence and a decline in its market value.

Deutsche Bank was embroiled in a vast money-laundering operation, dubbed the Global Laundromat. Russian crooks with links to the Kremlin, the old KGB and its main successor, the FSB, used the scheme between 2010 and 2014 to move money into the western fiscal system. The cash involved could total $80 bn, detectives believe.

Shell companies typically is available in the UK “loaned” money to each other. Company then defaulted on this large fictitious indebtednes. Corrupt magistrates in Moldova authenticated the debt– with billions transferred to Moldova and the Baltics via a bank in Latvia.

Deutsche Bank was used to launder the money via its corresponding banking network- effectively allowing illegal Russian pays to be funnelled to the US, the European Union and Asia.

The bank was entirely unaware of the swindle until the Guardian and Organised Crime and Corruption Reporting Project( OCCRP ) broke the story in March 2017, the report says. The first it knew was an email from the Guardian and Germany's Suddeutsche Zeitung newspaper asking for comment.

” Only with this intelligence received is it now possible for Deutsche Bank to start global investigations ,” it notes.

In the embarrassing aftermath, the bank asked two in-house fiscal crime examiners- Philippe Vollot and Hinrich Volcker- to find out what had gone wrong. Their nine-page presentation was shared last year with the audit committee of the bank's supervisory committee and is marked “strictly confidential”.

The pair identified numerous” high-risk entities “. They included 1,244 in the US, 329 in the UK and 950 in Germany. These entities were responsible for nearly 700,000 transactions, the report says, involving at least PS6 2m in the UK, $47 m in the US, and EUR5 5m in Germany.

As part of its investigation, Deutsche Bank sent 149″ suspicious activity reports” to the National Crime Agency in London. Similar disclosures of potential money-laundering transactions were made to authorities in the US and elsewhere- with 30 private and corporate Deutsche Bank clients reported. Some may have been” unknowingly utilized”, the report says.

The affair is a further blow to Deutsche Banks's ailing reputation. It comes amid police raids on its Frankfurt HQ over the Panama Papers, a plunging share cost and talks over a possible merger with Germany's Commerzbank. The raid last November came after German attorneys alleged two bank employees helped clients launder money via offshore firms.

Deutsche is also under scrutiny in Washington over its financial copes with Donald Trump. On 15 April, Democrat from the House intelligence and financial services committees issued a subpoena, demanding the bank provide documents about its lending to the president.

Over two decades, Trump borrowed more than$ 2bn from Deutsche. In 2008, he defaulted on a $45 m loan refund and sued the bank. Its private wealth division in New York subsequently loaned Trump a further $ 300 m- a move that bemused insiders and which has yet to be fully explained.

In recent years, the bank has had a series of bruising encounters with international regulators. Between 2011 and 2018, it paid $14.5 bn in penalties, with exposure to dubious Russian fund a regular theme.

In 2017, the UK's Financial Conduct Authority imposed its largest fine– PS163m- after Deutsche carried out a $10 bn ” mirror trade” strategy run out of its branch in Moscow. The New York Department of Financial Service( DFS) penalty the bank $ 425 m over the same case, in which roubles were converted into dollars via fake trades on behalf of VIP Russian clients.

Deutsche carried out an internal investigation into the” mirror trades” affair,” Project Square “. The leaked Global Laundromat report says there is” no systematic connection” between the two Russian money-laundering schemes. However, it indicates some overlap. Two unnamed entities feature in both and 46″ mirror trade” entities” directly transacted” with 233 laundromat ones.

The leaked report says Deutsche has cleaned up its act. It says it has stopped doing business with the two banks at the center of the Laundromat scandal- Moldova's Moldindconbank and Latvia's Trasta Komercbanka. Regulators in Latvia closed down Trasta in 2016 because of serial money-laundering violations.

Deutsche Bank says it has ” reduced its footprint” across the post-Soviet region. It no longer has relationships with any banks in Moldova, Latvia, Estonia and Cyprus, the report says. All are favourite destinations for illicit Moscow money. The bank has scaled down its business activities in Russia and Ukraine, it says.

The bank is under investigation for its role in Europe's biggest banking scandal, involving Denmark's Danske Bank. Danske laundered EUR2 00 bn( PS178bn) of Russian money via its branch in Estonia. Deutsche correspondent banking services via its US subsidiary.

Deutsche Bank said it could not comment on” potential or ongoing investigations”, or on” any matters regarding our regulators “. It said it was committed to providing” appropriate information to all authorised investigations “.

The bank said:” We have considerably increased staff numbers in anti-financial crime and more than tripled our personnel since 2015. Since 2016 we have invested EUR7 00 m in upgrade our key control functions there .”

Read more: www.theguardian.com