When 28 civilians were killed in Athens, it wasnt the Nazis who were to blame, it was the British. Ed Vulliamy and Helena Smith uncover how Churchills shameful decision to turn on the partisans who had opposed on our side in the war sowed the seeds for the rise of the far right in Greece today

Such articles is the subject of a column by the readers editor . Commanding presence: Churchill leaving HMS Ajax to attend a meeting ashore. Athens can be seen in the background. Photo: Crown Copyright. IWM/ Imperial War Museum On their knees: females protest against the shootings, which led to more than a month of street fighting in Athens. Photograph: Dmitri Kessel/ The LIFE Picture Collection/ Getty I carried the fuse wire myself: Manolis Glezos, senior MEP and a man of humbling greatness in Brussels. Helena Smith Photograph: Helena Smith/ Observer Taking charge: Lt Gen Ronald Scobie( centre) who, on 5 December 1944, enforced martial law and ordered the aerial bombing of the working-class Metz quarter of Athens. Photograph: Dmitri Kessel/ The LIFE Picture Collection/ Getty Such articles is the subject of a column by the readers editor