For some Russian companies, buying back indebtednes at a loss constructs perfect sense right now.

Two steelmakers and a shipping company announced plans in the space of 48 hours this week to sell indebtednes in order to repurchase $3.34 billion of bonds due between 2017 and 2019. While buying back old notes when theyre trading at higher than their face value seems counter-intuitive, selling new securities at the lowest yields in three years may save them cash in the longer term.

Behind the strategy is a longing by some companies to take the sting out of looming bond pays before a U.S. interest-rate increase as early as this month attains them more burdensome. Russian companies face a $65 billion wall of maturing debt in 2017 and 2018, the legacy of a borrowing boom from the working day before the U.S. and Europe imposed sanctions on Russia over the crisis in Crimea. If the penalties are extended after they lapse on July 31, access to the Eurobond market may remain sporadic.

“The scheme might seem odd on the surface, said Fedor Bizikov, Moscow-based money manager at GHP Group, who is considering tendering bonds in the buybacks. “But if you look at the the two sides of the equation, everyone wins. Investors win now by locking in profits. Borrowers will win tomorrow by fixing current lower rates.”

Investors chasing yield have propelled a wave of mega-deals from Argentina to Qatar this quarter as the average yield pay back emerging-market borrowers tumbled to 5.34 percentage, down from an almost five-year high of 6.5 percent on Jan. 20, according to Bloomberg index data.

Novolipetsk Steel PJSC said it would tender for “any and all” of $708 million bonds due in 2018 at 103.625 percent of face value and $471 million of 2019 bonds at 104.5 percent. Shipping operator Sovcomflot OJSC, a state-owned company defined for privatization later this year, wants to repurchase $800 million of 2017 bonds at 104.125 percent of face value, representing a 2 percentage-point premium. Evraz Plc is also seeking to buy back four issues that mature in 2017 and 2018.

Very Generous

Levels for tendering indebtednes have been so far very generous for emerging-market investors and this makes a bargain quite attractive from investors eyes, said Sergey Dergachev, a senior money manager who helps oversee about $13 billion of assets at Union Investment Privatfonds GmbH in Frankfurt and owns some of the debt being tendered. It is a good opportunity to get inexpensive and liquid exposure to Russian credit.

Not all companies are convinced by the strategy. Phosagro PJSC turned down an offer by investment banks to arrange a buyback and new bond marketing, Chief Executive Officer Andrey Guryev said on the sidelines of a conference in Moscow. The fertilizer manufacturer prefers bank loans, he said Wednesday.

A rebound in petroleum, the countrys biggest export, is boosting demand for Russian debt amid optimism the central bank will resume a rate-cutting cycle as soon as this month. Thats pushed the average yield for Russian corporate Eurobonds to 6.24 percentage Thursday, levels last ensure before penalties were imposed in 2014 on the nations biggest companies over the Ukraine conflict.

They are proactively managing their liabilities for the next 2 to three years in highly favorable market conditions, said Vadim Gazarian, London-based head of debt origination for Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent Country at ING Bank NV, consultant to all three of the issuers.

Debt Purge

Corporate Russia has cut its indebtednes burden to the least in six years, with the ratio of net borrowing currently at 0.6 hours earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization for companies listed on the Micex Index, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.

While the demand helped Russias government return to the bond marketplace last month for the first time since sanctions were imposed, issuers may struggle to issue at similar yields in the future. With its reliance for energy for two one-thirds of its export revenue, the economy is struggling to emerge from recession as crude languishes at less than half its value of two years ago. At the same hour, the extension of sanctions by the U.S. and Europe implies political hazard premiums even for companies that arent blacklisted.

“Its a very favorable moment, said Andrey Solovyev, global head of debt capital markets at VTB Capital in Moscow, the arranger of two of the three transactions. Nobody knows how long it will last, so everybodys trying to take advantage of it to extend the maturity of the bond portfolio.

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