Former Russia Today presenter watches the specific characteristics of Putin's propaganda style in the way Trump is treating reality.”>

Confronted with the news that the CIA concluded Russia hacked and meddled in the U.S. election with the intent to get him elected, President-elect Donald Trump simply denied it.

Denial is a common tactic used by Russian President Vladimir Putin and the media machine he sponsors. When little green humen, Russian soldiers without insignia, started occupying Crimea, Putin denied it. When Russian soldiers spilled across the Ukrainian perimeter, fueling a civil war in the country, Putin denied it.

When Russia intervened in the war in Syria, Putin and the headlines emblazoned on Russian-backed media proclaimed the Kremlin was coming to the rescue to take out ISIS. Reality demonstrated different. Russian bombs were directed not at ISIS hotbeds, but rebel strongholds. In a ruthless campaign to prop up their brutal ally Bashar al-Assad, Russia went on to bomb numerous hospital, schools, bakeries, a United nations organization humanitarian aid convoy and emergency situations rescue group the White Helmets, among other civilian targets. The Kremlin denied all of it. Its media served to amplify all those denials.

When news came out that the CIA believes Russia had intervened in Americas election to help elect Trump, his transition squad denied it: These are the same people that said Saddam Hussein had weapons of weapons of mass destruction. The election ended a long time ago in one of the biggest Electoral College victories in history. Its now time to move on and Make America Great Again.

Invoking Iraq is a common tactic of deflection in Russian media. Asking What about Iraq? is meant to bring the conversation to a halting and absolve the Kremlin of any wrongdoing. How dare the U.S. assert any moral superiority after invading Iraq? On my final day of anchoring at RT, when it became apparent Russian forces were present in Ukraine, the news director demanded I pose this question to former Congressman Ron Paul: The mainstream media has been covering Ukraine non-stop. John Kerry famously said You simply dont invade another country on phony pretext Why didnt the mainstream media challenge the secretary of State regarding pretext to war in Iraq?

Iraq had nothing to do with the pressing issue at hand, but it served to redirect the conversation to U.S. hypocrisy. The debate was similarly summoned to deflect from Syrias use of chemical weapons.

Russian messaging aims to incite existing tensions and deepen existing divisions. It aims to make angry people angrier and paranoid people more paranoid. Its overarching aim is to instill a deep distrust in the political establishment, Western media, and the concept of republic itself. In that sense, Trump ran a Russian campaign, enflaming the angry and disillusioned.

But he went further, stepping into province where even RT producers set their foot down. As the Republican presidential nominee, Trump went on Alex Joness showwhere hes peddled lies about 9/11 as an inside job and the Sandy Hook massacre as a hoaxand praised the notorious perpetrator of falsehoods.

Your reputation is amazing. I will not let you down, Trump told the InfoWars host. After the election, says Jones, Trump called to personally thank “the mens” who became persona non grata at RT, as producers argued continuing to have him on as a guest was damaging to the channels credibility.

We assured exactly what can happen when an armed customer of Alex Jones, fake news, and disinformation got off the internet to explore a conspiracy in the real world. A human strolled into a popular D.C. pizza place last week to self-investigate Pizzagate, the bizarre and totally false scandal in which Democratic leaders were supposedly running a child-sex ring, firing his weapon inside the establishment before he was finally comprehended. After he was captured, the man admitted, in an epic understatement, that his intel was not 100 percent.

When Russian opposition leader Boris Nemtsov was gunned down in the shadows of the Kremlin in early 2015, the Russian government denied any involvement. To this day , no one has been held accountable. But many blame the atmosphere of fear, dislike, and paranoia instilled by the tightly controlled country media, which casts opponent as an evil danger to Mother Russia.

In the past month, I have traveled to three European countries reacting to Russian disinformation and hybrid warfare at a time when a resurgent Russia is growing bolder and more aggressive. In the Baltic state of Latvia, where Russian occupation is still a painfully fresh memory, Russian disinformation is seen as tool of an existential threat. In Poland, the nation views Russian disinformation as a national-security threat. A press conference and series of panel discussions on the topic was attended by the defense and foreign ministers, signaling the Polish governments priority to combatting what it views as a serious danger.

It was a different narrative in Budapest, where press freedoms have been steadily declining. Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban has developed cozy ties with Putin and the press has taken an increasingly pro-Russian tone, with the governmental forces news outlets sometimes parroting headlines from Russian propaganda sites. In October, the countrys largest opposition paper shut down. The growing anti-American sentiment in the country hit me during a panel discussion I was participating in, which included a Trump adviser and Hungarian politician. Zsolt Nemeth, head of the Hungarian parliaments foreign affairs committee, flatly blamed the wars in Ukraine and Syria on the U.S. Stunned, I detected myself the sole voice reminding the audience of Russias integral and aggressive role in both conflicts.

Facts are the foundation upon which modern civilization thrives. Medicine and science depend on the consensual agreement of facts, and so does foreign affairs and journalism. Both Trump and Putin use disinformation to channel a message of rage, division, and above all, distrusttelling its listeners to trust no one. Both boldly reject truth and disregard facts.

For Trump as for Putin, reality is something that can be molded or outright rejected when it would prove damning. It is now up to U.S. organizations, the media, and the American people to declare that a world in which facts dont matter is not a reality we want to live in.

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