Looks like its nearly time to update that old periodic table poster on your wall. Because names have been proposed for four new components announced in January and, provided there are no objections, the names could be ratified in five months by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry( IUPAC ).
The names correspond to the newly discovered components thatoccupy postures 113, 115, 117, and 118 in the table, completing its seventh row. In order “they il be” Nihonium( Nh ), Moscovium( Mc ), Tennessine( Ts ), and Oganesson( Og ). Sadly, theres no Element McElementface.
As is tradition with new components, the discoverers get to pick the name. Nihonium, detected at the RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator Science, refers to the Japanese name for Japan, Nihon. Moscovium refers to Moscow, where it was found at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna.
Tennessine refers to the US State of Tennessee, the place of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Vanderbilt University where it was seen. Last but not least is Oganesson, which refers to nuclear physicist Yuri Oganessian, who led the research for this element and others.
The components( highlighted in yellow) complete the 7th row of the Periodic Table.Julie Deshaies/ Shutterstock/ IFLScience
It is a pleasure to see that specific places and names related to the new components is recognized in these four names, said Jan Reedijk, chairman of IUPACs inorganic-chemistry division, in a statement. I see it as thrilling to recognize that international collaborations were at the core of these discoveries and that these new names also construct the discoveries somewhat tangible.
The components, which do not occur naturally and can only be produced in the laboratory, were discovered by smashing together light nucleus and tracking the disintegrate of the resulting superheavy components. They exist only for a fraction of a second, which has attained their discovery difficult. Element 113, for example, was found by making a thin layer of bismuth with zinc ions traveling at a one-tenth the speed of light, temporarily producing an atom of the element.
While the table is now effectivelycomplete, researchers are beginning to look for components beyond the 7th row, hypothetical islands of stability where heavier components exist.
For now, dust off those chemistry textbooks and welcome the new kids on the block, the first since 2011. If there is no significant public outcry, the names should be ratified in November.