North Korea described global condemnation after conducting its fifth nuclear exam on Friday, the anniversary of the reclusive nations founding, and said it was now able to produce miniaturized nuclear arms.

In a statement on state-run television, Pyongyang said no radioactivity was leaked in the blast. The official Korean Central News Agency said the detonation of a nuclear warhead presented the regime has the ability to attach atomic weapon to rockets.

The standardization of the nuclear warhead will enable the DPRK to produce at will and as many as it wants a variety of smaller, lighter and diversified nuclear warheads of higher strike power, KCNA told, employing the acronym for North Korea. This has definitely put one over a higher level the DPRKs technology of mounting nuclear warheads on ballistic rockets.

The test described opprobrium from world leaders, including South Korean President Park Geun Hye and U.S. President Barack Obama, and inspired situations of emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council Friday in New York.

Park called the North Korean move maniacal recklessness and warned that Kim Jong Uns moves would lead to North Koreas self-destruction. Obama said the U.S. does not, and never will, accept North Korea as a nuclear nation. He called on the UN to enact new sanctions, though analysts say the success of any additional measures will depend heavily on Chinas support.

The blast set offan artificial earthquake around 9:30 a.m. Seoul time, with the defense ministry saying the explosion was 10 kilotons. The United States Geological Survey set the quake magnitude at 5.3. The Pentagon said it will be deploying an aircraft to the region to collect air samples that can help determine the nature of the explosion.

Miniaturization Claims

The miniaturization of the warhead, if true, would be a major leap for North Koreas nuclear ambitions. North Korea told after the work of its third test in 2013 it had created nuclear missiles capable of reaching the U.S ., but rendered little proof, depicting skepticism from limbs experts. In March it unveiled images of what it called a miniaturized warhead.

Pyongyang said after its January test it had explosion a hydrogen bomb for the first time. That was never verified and some nuclear experts and the U.S. cast doubt on the claim.

Korean stocks and the won fell Friday — with the Kospi Index down 1.3 percent — though analysts said the reaction was somewhat muted. The yen rose.

Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga told North Koreas actions were a threat to Japan and the country would consider further sanctions.

The UN Security Council scheduled a session for 3 p. m. EST Friday.

China, which pushed back against some proposed sanctions after North Koreas last exam in January, said it called on Pyongyang to curb its nuclear schemes. Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying told China, North Koreas biggest trading partner, was firmly opposed to the test and that officials would speak to counterparts at the North Korean embassy in Beijing.

Kerry, Lavrov

A rally in front of Seoul Station in Seoul protesting against the deployment of an advanced US missile defense system, known as THAAD in July 2016.
Photographer: Anadolu Agency/ Getty Images

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, session in Geneva with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov on Friday about Syria, told everybody shares concerns about North Koreas latest action. Lavrov used to say UN Security Council resolutions must be implemented and we will send this message very strongly.

The test goes a day after Obama left Asia following his swansong trip as U.S. leader. His visit included a clutch of global summits in China — where he attended a G-2 0 session hosted by President Xi Jinping — and Laos. During those meetings he and the leaders of Japan and South Korea exhorted stronger action to curb Kims nuclear ambitions.

For a QuickTake explainer on North Koreas nuclear drive, click here

North Korea has been trying more miniaturized ability, told Lim Eul Chul, a professor of international political economy at Kyungnam University in Seoul. The smaller the warhead, the farther the weapon can fly, Lim told. The results would have to come out, but for now I see that North Koreas nuclear technology has come to a stage where its right before being arranged for combat.

Han Yong-Sup, a professor at the Korea National Defense University and former consultant to the National Security Council standing committee and foreign ministry, said he believed North Korea had achieved miniaturization. They are at the stage of devoting final touches to make it fit onto intercontinental or submarine launched ballistic missiles, he told. They likely can already fit on Rodong missiles.

Advanced Date

I personally thought it would conduct the test in December. To advance the date entails it is trying to show they have everything ready before the next U.S. administration starts its term.

North Korea test-fired a trio of ballistic missile that landed within a few hundred kilometers of Japans coast earlier this week. The regime, which has repeatedly flouted Security Council resolves barring its ballistic missile activities, has conducted at least 22 launches this year, according to U.S. officials.

China has done more on sanctions against North Korea than previous rounds of penalties but could tighten up in prodding Kim, Obama told reporters on Thursday in Laos. Obama said he had told Xi that China needs to work with us more effectively to rein Kim in.

Tensions in North Asia have also been running high over a plan to deploy a U.S. missile defense system known as Thaad in South Korea. The Chinese have protested that move, which U.S. officials insist is only intended to protect South Korea. Russia has also objected.

The latest detonation likely reflects North Korean efforts to cause further fractures between the U.S. and China over Thaad, told Lee Woo Young, a professor at the University of Northern korean Study in Seoul. The test would depict North Koreas willingness to break the power balance in the East Asia region.

Obama said he noted Xis objection to Thaad and that the U.S. isnt looking for a diplomatic tussle over the missile shield. Still, he said, we cannot have a situation where were unable to defend ourselves or our treaty allies against increasingly provocative behavior.”

They need to work with us more effectively to change Pyongyangs behavior, Obama said, referring to China.

The big question for the international community is whether it can match its condemnation of North Korea with action, according to Scott Snyder, a senior fellow for Korea examines at the Council on Foreign Relations.

A second question is whether the United States and China can set aside strategic mistrust sufficiently to coordinate a situate of actions that would make clear that Kim Jong Uns current track is unacceptable and force him to turn around and accept denuclearization.”

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