Trump reacts during the debate. Photograph: Jim Young/Reuters
Muslims have to report suspicion of terrorism, as in San Bernardino
Trump has repeatedly and baselessly said someone saw bombs on the floor and suspicious behaviour before the mass shooting in California last December he has repeated this for weeks without any evidence. Investigators found
pipe bombs and ammunition in a townhouse rented by the couple who carried out the shooting in the Redlands, not near their home, and their landlord has said he had no reason to suspect them. Neighbours also expressed surprise and alarm, not concerns about political correctness.
One local news station
reported on 3 December that Aaron Elswick, a neighbour one of the shooters mother, recalled hearing yet another neighbour say, in Elswicks words: She had noticed that they had, I guess, been receiving packages, quite a few packages within a short amount of time. And that they were actually doing a lot of work out in the garage and she was kind of suspicious and was wanting to report it.
I would not have had our people in Iraq because Iraq was a disaster I was against the war in Iraq it has not been debunked
a lie. In the months before the Iraq war began in 2003, Trump tepidly endorsed invasion to radio host Howard Stern, who asked him whether he thought the US should attack Saddam Hussein. Yeah, I guess so, Trump said.
A few weeks later he told Fox News that George W Bush was doing a very good job. Several weeks after the invasion, Trump told the Washington Post:
The wars a mess. In August 2004, he told Esquire: Two minutes after we leave, theres going to be a revolution, and the meanest, toughest, smartest, most vicious guy will take over.
the interview cited by the Trump campaign to explain his opposition, Trump expressed impatience with Bush for not invading sooner. Whatever happened to the days of the Douglas MacArthur? He would go and attack. He wouldnt talk.
Hillary Clinton wants to increase refugees by 550%
Trump is correct that Clinton has proposed a 550% increase in refugees, from 10,000 in 2016 to 65,000 in 2017.
But this does not add up to hundreds of thousands, as he says. He appears to have borrowed this figure from an ally, Senator Jeff Sessions of Alabama, who
invented it. Session falsely claims Clinton would continue to grant asylum to 55,000 Syrian refugees every year in addition to 100,000 refugees from the Middle East in general. Clinton has called for allowing 55,000 refugees from Syria for one year, and has not proposed yearly asylum for 155,000 Middle East refugees for her term.
People are coming into our country, like, we have no idea who they are, where theyre from, what their feelings about our country are We know nothing about their values and we know nothing about their love of our country
This is false. The US has probably the most intensive screening process in the world for refugees: it requires they register and interview with the United Nations, which then must refer them to the US; refugees who pass this test then interview with state department contractors and have at least two background checks; then they have three fingerprint and photo screenings; then US immigration reviews the case; then homeland security interviews the refugee; then a doctor examines the refugee; and finally several security agencies perform one last check after the refugee has been matched with a resettlement agency.
takes 18 months to two years. The US has a very clear idea about which refugees it allows into the country.
I dont know Putin I know nothing about Russia
Its not clear whether Trump has ever spoken to the Russian president. Putin was invited to, but did not attend, a 2013 beauty pageant in Moscow, according to
one of the oligarchs who helped organise the event. Trump wondered beforehand: Will he become my new best friend?
The pair may have communicated through intermediaries. In 2014, Trump
told a National Press Club luncheon: I was in Moscow recently and I spoke, indirectly and directly, with President Putin, who could not have been nicer, and we had a tremendous success. A year earlier, Trump told MSNBC: I do have a relationship and I can tell you that hes very interested in what were doing here today.
Last November, Trump
claimed in a debate that he got to know [Putin] very well because we were both on 60 Minutes. They appeared in separate, pre-taped segments of the current affairs show and were not on set together.
Trump has repeatedly tried to do business in Russia, and his refusal to release tax returns prevents him proving that he has no assets there. In a
July press conference, Trump admitted, I guess probably I sell condos to Russians, and gave a slightly exaggerated account of a $95m condominium sale. In 2007, he said he wanted to invest in Russia, saying in a deposition: We will be in Moscow at some point.
In 2008, his son Donald Jr
told a real estate conference, Russians make up a pretty disproportionate cross-section of a lot of our assets and We see a lot of money pouring in from Russia.
For the 2013 beauty pageant, Trump
received a share of the $14m investment to bring it there. I have a great relationship with many Russians, and almost all of the oligarchs were in the room, he told Real Estate Weekly afterward, as he discussed his hopes for a Moscow hotel that ultimately went nowhere. Similarly, Trump either traveled to the city or drew up ambitious real-estate projects in Russia in 1987 and 1996, according to his memoir and court documents first unearthed by the Washington Post.
Trump could prove he has no financial interests in Russia, as he says, by releasing his tax returns.
I pay hundreds of millions of dollars in taxes
Trump could prove this by releasing his tax returns. Until then we cannot check it in full.
She is raising everybodys taxes, massively
This is true only if everybody refers to the tiny percentage of Americans who are the highest earners.
Clintons plan would tax high-income earners, close tax loopholes for corporations and largely leave taxes unchanged for most Americans. It would increase tax revenue by $1.1tn over a decade,
the Tax Policy Center estimated, though much of that money would go into spending plans. The Committee for a Responsible Budget estimated that Clintons plan would add about $200bn to the debt, saying it would raise tax revenue by $191bn but decrease GDP by 1% over the long term due to slightly higher marginal tax rates on capital and labor.
Trumps tax plan would
disproportionately help the wealthiest Americans, saving them millions of dollars and adding $5.3tn to the national debt, according to an analysis by the Tax Foundation, a conservative thinktank. Another analysis, by the nonpartisan Tax Policy Center, warned that without severe spending cuts, the plan would balloon national debt by nearly 80% of gross domestic product by 2036, offsetting some or all of the incentive effects of the tax cuts.
[The US is] just about the highest taxed country in the word
For months, Trump falsely claimed that the US is one of the highest-taxed countries in the world; he later adjusted to a more specific and more correct claim, about corporate tax rates. The US corporate income tax rate does rank among the highest among industrialised nations,
according to the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD). But Trumps claim doesnt take into account deductions and other exemptions the kind that helped General Motors and dozens of other corporations escape paying any taxes in recent years.
The vacuum theyve left, thats why Isis started in the first place
pretending that he has always supported a residual American force in Iraq. The businessman actually called for a complete withdrawal from Iraq, even in the event of continued civil war or authoritarian violence there.
You know how they get out? They get out. Thats how they get out. Declare victory and leave, he
told CNN in 2007. This is a total catastrophe, and you might as well get out now because youre just wasting time and lives.
The argument that Isis rose out of the vacuum of post-withdrawal Iraq also ignores that its first forms began during that countrys civil war, while George W Bush was in office, and that the terror group concentrated its powers in Syrias civil war long before Obama began a bombing and special-forces campaign there.
Look at what she did in Libya with Gaddafi, Gaddafis out, its a mess
Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump all supported intervention in Libya in 2011. None supported occupation to build democracy there in the model of George W Bushs invasion and occupation of Iraq.
Trump is lying about his opposition to intervention in Libya. Like Clinton, he supported military strikes, saying in
a February 2011 video blog that the US should take immediate action against dictator Muammar Gaddafi. We should go in, we should stop this guy, which would be be very easy and very quick. We could do it surgically.
Trump has also claimed to have made
a lot of money from Gaddafi through a failed rental deal in 2009.
At the last debate she lied [about the Trans-Pacific Partnership]. She did say the gold standard but she said she didnt say it
Clinton has not been consistent on the Trans-Pacific Partnership, and her language from 2010 through 2014 suggests she was broadly in support of Barack Obamas trade deal.
As secretary of state in 2012,
she said: This TPP sets the gold standard in trade agreements to open free, transparent, fair trade, the kind of environment that has the rule of law and a level playing field. And when negotiated, this agreement will cover 40% of the worlds total trade and build in strong protections for workers and the environment.
She continued to
praise it while she worked for the Obama administration, variously calling it high quality, cutting edge, groundbreaking and high standard.
Out of office in 2014, she moved away from the deal, whose negotiations were not complete. She
reserved judgment in her memoir published that year, expressed concerns in 2015, and, when pushed from the left by Bernie Sanders in the Democratic primary, moved to opposing it in its current terms. Trump: It didnt say check out a sex tape
Ambassador Stevens sent 600 requests for help and the only one she talked to was Sidney Blumenthal
Eight congressional investigations found no evidence that Clinton personally put Americans at risk at a consular facility in Benghazi, Libya when it was attacked on 11 September 2012, nor that she was tardy or negligent in the handling of an event in which four Americans, including ambassador Chris Stevens, were killed.
The Pentagon was responsible for sending military assistance but did not get help to the compound in time to save the Americans. Officials did repeatedly ask for more security, but Congress found no evidence that those claims made it to Clintons desk.
There is a thing called clean coal. Coal will last for 1,000 years in this country we have found tremendous wealth under our feet in this country
Trump appears to be conflating the national gas boom of the last 15 years with so-called clean coal, which arguably does not exist,
given the high carbon emissions of coal energy. The decline of the coal industry is in large part attributable to the rise of the natural gas industry and the long-term decline of the industry, though regulations enacted by the Obama administration have also restricted the industry. Nafta kills jobs
Economists still debate the effect of the deal on jobs. In 2015, the
Congressional Research Service wrote: Nafta did not cause the huge job losses feared by the critics or the large economic gains predicted by supporters.
The net overall effect of Nafta on the US economy appears to have been relatively modest.
2012 report by the OECD found that manufacturing jobs did flee the US after the deal was signed, but also noted the broader shift toward a service economy. North American trade is dwarfed by that with Asia: China has become the worlds largest manufacturer, and the beneficiary of trade agreements, such as the most favored nation status that Bill Clinton renewed for the country. George W Bush then supported Chinas entry into the World Trade Organisation, where the US and China have since become court adversaries. Clintons claims
Hillary Clinton makes a point. Photograph: Paul J. Richards/AFP/Getty Images
He never apologises to anything or anyone
Trump did apologise for his 2005 comments about groping women, albeit without specifics and with the continued excuse that it was locker room talk. He also apologised vaguely for things he regretted earlier this year, but did not specify to whom he meant the apology.
After a year-long investigation there is no evidence that anyone hacked the server I was using, and there is no evidence that anyone can point to at all, anyone who says otherwise has no basis has no evidence that classified material ended up in the wrong hands
This is a highly legalistic answer. FBI director James Comey, who led the investigation and found that Clintons practices were extremely careless, said
it was very likely that Clintons server was hacked.
Clinton: premiums havent gotten too high Trump: premiums are up 68%, 59%, 71%
Both candidates are correct that healthcare premiums have increased since the Affordable Care Act was enacted. On average, premiums have
risen by about 5.8% a year since Barack Obama took office, compared with 13.2% in the nine years before Obama, Politifact found earlier this year. Trump, however, is cherry-picking data from various states and providers where rates have had higher jumps.
Weve had Muslims in America since George Washington
Clinton is correct that there were Muslims in the early days of the United States she doesnt mention that
many of them were slaves, and that George Washington likely claimed ownership of Muslims. Another slave-owning founder was Thomas Jefferson, whose Quran has entered congressional lore. Both Jefferson and Washington preached tolerance of religions, Islam included.
Putin and the Russian government are directing hacks to influence the election
Intelligence officials said they have
high confidence that the Kremlin is behind cyberattacks on the US government, Democratic organisations and polling centres.
When I was first lady I worked with Democrats and Republicans to create the childrens healthcare program
This is a hard fact to check, given that Clintons boast is about back-room talks when she was first lady in the 1990s. Senators Ted Kennedy and Orrin Hatch, a Democrat and Republican, led the effort in Congress and passed the CHIP healthcare program in a budget bill after the first ladys efforts to lead a broader healthcare reform bill failed. Clinton tried to claim credit for the program during her failed 2008 campaign for president, and at the time Kennedy
gave great credit to her for efforts. Hatch disputed that account.
The New Start treaty helped reduce Russias nuclear arms
Its correct that the New Start treaty set limits on deployed American and Russian ballistic missiles, bombers, launchers and warheads. But the story is much larger than these terms.
Russia was already within limits in two categories before the treaty was signed, in 2011; the treaty does not affect undeployed or retired weapons; and Russia has reduced its nuclear arms more slowly in the last decade than it did while George W Bush and Bill Clinton were in the White House. Nor does the treaty prevent countries from stockpiling weapons. In the last two years, Russia has
increased its arsenal.
Clinton: bullying is up because of Trumps rhetoric
The left-leaning Southern Poverty Law Center has described a Trump effect based on a survey of 2,0000 teachers, and the National Education Association, which supports Clinton, has made similar claims. But theres no peer-reviewed data to support this claim at this point.
Clinton: all gains in economic recovery since 2008 have gone to the wealthiest
This was true until last month, but Clinton is now using an out of date talking point: in September, the Census reported
that median household income increased greatly for the first time since the recession and financial crisis.